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GROWING THINGS: Apple maggots and different yard pleasantries

There are some issues you are able to do which can be of a non-chemical nature to regulate this drawback. Cleanliness is one in every of them.

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Q We’re having difficulties with worms in our apples. We’ve been suggested that the worm tracks by way of the apples outcome from eggs from moths (?) which can be laid within the flowers on the timber. We’ve tried cleansing up the apples from the bottom and so forth with no success. We’ve not tried any spray as we don’t need to hurt the bees. Is there any answer for our state of affairs?

A The issue seems like apple maggot. There aren’t any eco-friendly sprays that may be efficient for this insect and good on you for fascinated by harming the bees with sprays. The apple maggot is usually a main drawback for householders. Technically the apples are nonetheless edible however not very appetizing in look

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A quick description on their life historical past. The pupae keep buried within the soil till the spring after they emerge as flies in late Might or early June. The flies lay their eggs and the maggots start their munching by way of your apples. When the apples drop to the bottom the maggots enter the soil the place they may overwinter after which the cycle begins once more subsequent spring.

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There are some issues you are able to do which can be of a non-chemical nature to regulate this drawback. Cleanliness is one in every of them. This merely means eradicating any fallen apples and disposing of them appropriately. I perceive you’ve got tried this technique however I’ve a number of suggestions. One of the best ways to do that is to select the apples up as quickly as they drop. Bag them along with your common rubbish. By doing this you’ll cut back the variety of overwintering pupae.

I additionally recommend speaking to your neighbours who’ve apple timber and have them do the identical factor. If everybody within the space is just not on board with the gathering of apples the issue will proceed.

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Laying down a tarp below the tree when the apples are falling will cease the maggots from burrowing into the soil and make accumulating the apples simpler. ALL fruit should be collected.

Secondly, you’ll be able to contemplate trapping the bugs. Sticky pheromone traps work the perfect. You should buy these in backyard centres. The pheromones entice the flies they usually get caught within the sticky substance.

Listed here are a number of suggestions for the bait traps:

  • It’s important to start out management early. You need to be hanging the traps in mid-Might. The adults normally emerge from the bottom in Alberta round Might 25.
  • Test the traps from mid-June to reap and do these two or 3 times per week. If traps are stuffed with bugs, you might have to re-apply the sticky substance. You need to be trapping as many adults as potential. Egg laying exercise begins in July and carries on till August.
  • In case your neighbours are additionally rising apple timber they too must set out traps. This needs to be a coordinated effort by the neighbourhood.

Q I stay on a road lined with elm timber. Each fall I acquire leaves for my compost to combine with grass clippings the next summer season. Many of the elm timber are contaminated with a fungus and I’m questioning whether it is secure to make use of them in my compost.

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A There are two faculties of thought on this query. Some specialists say throw all the things on the compost pile whereas others advise in opposition to including issues comparable to your contaminated leaves. My humble opinion is to err on the facet of warning and never embrace diseased leaves in your compost. Temperatures of 66 C to 82 C are required to kill most plant illness pathogens. Sadly, the interior temperatures of most dwelling compost piles don’t attain this stage and the illness organisms usually are not destroyed.

Each week, Rising Issues Outdoor runs on-line at edmontonjournal.com or, for those who favor an epaper format, epaper.edmontonjournal.com.

Study extra by emailing your inquiries to [email protected], studying previous columns at https://edmontonjournal.com/creator/geraldfilipski or my ebook Simply Ask Jerry. You may as well observe me on Twitter @justaskjerry01.

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